Stomatitis refers to oral inflammation that is a type of mucositis. It may be mild or severe, acute or chronic and localized or widespread.
Stomatitis can occur anywhere in the mouth and each one is known by specific name. Inflammation of the lips is known as cheilitis, inflammation of the tongue is glossitis, inflammation of the gums is gingivitis, and inflammation of the back of the mouth is pharyngitis.
Stomatitis varies in terms of the causes and appearance. It may be caused by local infection, systemic disease, a physical or chemical irritation and allergic reaction. The most common causes include:
- Aphthous ulcer
- Dry mouth / Xerostomia
- Viral infection, particularly Herpes simplex virus infection
- Candida albicansinfection
- Trauma as in surgeries
- Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- Weakened immune system
Stomatitis may involve swelling and redness of the oral mucosa, painful ulcers (single or multiple) and less common whitish lesions.
Treatment of stomatitis depends on the cause but like other oral problems, one of the important ways to prevent and treat stomatitis is maintaining oral hygiene.
Antibacterial mouthwash like Vi-one Chlorhexidine mouthwash can be used for prevention of Stomatitis that has been developed due to trauma as in surgeries. In addition, Vi-one Antifungal mouthwash can be used for treating and preventing the stomatitis due to Candida albicans infection and Chemotherapy and radiation therapy.