Pericoronitis refers to inflammation of the soft tissue associated with the crown of a partially erupted tooth. It is seen most commonly in relation to the mandibular wisdom teeth, but it can occur around the base of any tooth that has not erupted completely.
Clinically, Pericoronitis can be classified into acute and chronic. Acute pericoronitis is of sudden onset and have significant symptoms such as infection, a bad taste in the mouth, halitosis, pain, swelling and fever but chronic pericoronitis is a mild prolonged inflammation that causes fewer symptoms.
Pericoronitis related to poor oral hygiene. Accumulation of bacteria and bits of food under the gum edge is the main cause for it.
Treatment of pericoronitis is important because untreated pericoronitis may cause serious infection that can spread towards neck and cheeks.
Pericoronitis can be treated by using special mouthwash like Ha Li Ta Vi-one, cleaning methods and possibly antibiotics. In some cases that we are confronted by severe pericoronitis, appropriate professional dental measures such as minor surgery to remove the overlapping gum tissue (Operculectomy) or removing the tooth, are required.