Oral thrush, also known by its medical term oropharyngeal candidiasis, is fungal infection which is caused by overgrowing of the Candida albicans that is one of the members of oral normal flora.
This condition can occur by various reasons most of which are related to weakened immune system. The most common causes include:
- Specific diseases such as AIDS, Cancer, Hypothyroidism and Uncontrolled diabetes.
- Prolonged or repeated intake of some medicine such as oral Antibiotics, Corticosteroids, Birth control pills
- Wearing denture ( causes Denture stomatitis)
- Having poor oral hygiene
In addition, infants, young children and the elderly are more susceptible to oral thrush.
Oral thrush is characterized by creamy white lesions, usually on the tongue or inner cheeks. It can spread to the roof of the mouth, the gums and the tonsils, or the back of the throat. Other symptoms of oral thrush include:
- Slightly raised lesions with a cottage cheese-like appearance
- Redness or soreness that may be severe enough to cause difficulty eating or swallowing
- Slight bleeding if the lesions are rubbed or scraped
- Cracking and redness on the corners of your mouth especially in denture wearers
- A cottony feeling in your mouth
- Loss of taste
Oral thrush is usually a treatable condition. The purpose of treatment is to prevent the growth and spread of the fungus. Hence, it can be treated by antifungal medicine or oral hygiene antifungal product like Vi-one Antifungal Mouthwash.