Denture Stomatitis

denture-stomatitis

Denture stomatitis is a kind of stomatitis which is usually caused by Candida infection of the oral mucosa on the area covered by a denture. It is the most common, clinically important condition developed in denture wearers’ mouth.

Denture stomatitis is recognized by multifactorial causes such as:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Acrylic dentures – Candida species seem to have a particular binding affinity for acrylic resin
  • Denture trauma
  • Allergic reactions to denture materials
  • Dry mouth
  • Dietary factors (high carbohydrate diet)
  • Various medications
  • Predisposing systemic disease such as AIDS and uncontrolled diabetes

Denture stomatitis is frequently symptomless. However, Signs of Denture stomatitis may include:

  • Redness or erythema of the oral mucosa in contact with denture
  • Swelling
  • Burning and various other painful sensations
  • Halitosis

Whereas Denture stomatitis has a multifactorial causes, its treatment depends on its causes. Treatments currently available and recommended include:

  • Maintaining good oral and denture hygiene
  • Denture cleaning procedures
  • Topical (like Vi-one Antifungal mouthwash) or systemic antifungal agents