Plaque is a soft, sticky film that covers teeth surfaces. It is constantly formed on teeth and contains bacteria and food debris. Plaque is a serious risk factor for Cavity and Gum disease.
After meal, the plaque bacteria use sugar that exist in the food and release acids that attack tooth enamel. Repeated attacks cause the enamel to break down, eventually resulting in a cavity in the tooth surface.
When plaque accumulates under the gums, it causes inflammation in them which is called Gingivitis. Gingivitis can advance into periodontitis. Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease and causes gums and the bone supporting the teeth to break down.
You should remove plaque daily through:
- Brushing your teeth twice a day by fluoride toothpaste.
- Flossing between your teeth daily
- Using suitable mouthwash twice a day
- Reducing of consumption of sweetened foodstuff or carbohydrates
- Visit your dentist at least once a year for professional cleanings
If plaque are not removed daily can eventually harden into Calculus or Tartar that require professional cleaning.